“For a gluten-free version, see Kingsford’s Classic Medium White Sauce (Béchamel Sauce).” – April Ferre
White Sauce with Variations
- 1 Tablespoon Butter
- 1 Tablespoon Flour
- 1/4 Teaspoon Salt
- 1/8 Teaspoon Pepper
- 1 Cup Milk
- Ingredient proportions above are for a thin sauce. For a medium sauce, increase butter and flour to 2 to 3 tablespoons. For a thick sauce, increase butter and flour to 4 tablespoons.
- Melt butter over low heat in a heavy saucepan. Blend in flour and seasonings. Cook over low heat, stirring until mixture is smooth. Remove from heat. Stir in milk. Bring to a boil. Boil for 1 minute, stirring constantly. Cook until thickened. For best flavor, cook 10 minutes.
- Three rules for a perfect white sauce:To eliminate raw, starchy taste, bubble flour and butter 1 minute.For easier, smoother blending, remove from heat when adding milk.For smooth, velvety texture, keep stirring until thickened.
- Cheese sauce: Follow key recipe above, except add 1/4 teaspoon dry mustard with seasonings. Blend in 1/2 cup grated cheese. Stir until cheese is melted.
- Mushroom sauce: Follow key recipe above, except sauté 1 cup sliced mushrooms and 1 teaspoon grated onion in the butter 5 minutes before adding flour.
- Seafood Sauce: Follow key recipe above, except carefully stir into sauce 1/2 to 1 cup cooked shrimp or pieces of other seafood.
- Red Sauce: Follow key recipe above except stir in 3 tablespoons tomato puree.
- Curry Sauce: Follow key recipe above, except sauté 1/2 teaspoon curry powder in the butter before adding flour and other seasonings.
- Egg Sauce: Follow key recipe above, except carefully stir in 2 diced hard-cooked eggs. Season.
- Cucumber Sauce: Follow key recipe above, except add 1/2 cup grated or thinly sliced cucumber and a dash cayenne pepper. Simmer 10 minutes.
- Dill Sauce: Follow key recipe above, except with the seasonings, add 1 teaspoon minced fresh dill or 1/2 teaspoon dried dill and a dash of nutmeg. Simmer 2 to 3 minutes.
Original recipe is from the Betty Crocker Cookbook, first edition – 9th printing. It has been used in the Stacker/Hansen family as long as we can remember.